Differences between Chicago and Harvard referencing styles - 2021
Every academic essay needs to follow a set referencing and formatting style. From the font size of the text to the style, indentation, margins, cover-page, titles, heading, subheadings to the in-text citations and end referencing, each element of an essay needs to be properly formatted according to a set academic style. A properly referenced and formatted document ensures the quality of academic essays.
Since there exist multiple academic citation styles, each having its own formatting and referencing guidelines, students often struggle with formatting their essays. To ease this trouble, they have the option to avail of any write paper for me service that offers professional formatting of your academic essays. You can get your essay references formatted and properly cited by experienced professionals at cheap pricing.
In this article, we will narrow our focus on how to reference your document in two of the popular referencing styles: Chicago and Harvard. You will also learn the difference between the two and how to reference your sources accordingly in either of the target formats.
Chicago Referencing Style
Chicago referencing style is most commonly utilized by American writers. The guide was initially presented by the Chicago university press, and from there, it got its name. In the Chicago style, the write my essay service mainly cites their sources in the form of footnotes. A numeral is added at the end of the sentence, which needs to be cited, and the reference is added as a footnote. An endnote is also generated at the end of the documents, serving as a bibliography.
Following are some examples as to how to reference your source using Chicago referencing. For each source type, there are some variations in referencing style.
Last Name, First Name. Title of Book. Publisher City: Publisher Name, Year Published.
Said, Edward W. Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books, 1978.
Last Name, First Name. "Article Title." Journal Name Volume Number (Year Published): Page Numbers.
Abdel-Malek, Anouar. ‘Orientalism in Crisis’. Diogenes 11, no. 44 (1963): 103–40.
Last Name, First Name. "Page Title." Website Title. Web Address (retrieved Date Accessed).
Sered, Danielle. 'Orientalism – Postcolonial Studies,' 2017. https://scholarblogs.emory.edu/postcolonialstudies/2014/06/21/orientalism/.
Harvard Referencing Style
Harvard referencing finds many of its similarities with the APA referencing style. Adding in-text citations for Harvard style while writing essays involves the last name of the author along with the year of publication. Like MLA or APA, the in-text citation comes in parenthesis, usually placed at the end of the line or reference which you have cited. A bibliographical list of complete references is added at the end of the paper. You can also consult the best paper writing service for your help.
Following are some examples to cite your document in Harvard referencing. Note that for each source type, the referencing style varies.
Last name, First initial. (Year published). Title. Edition. City published: Publisher, Page(s).
Said, E. W. (1978) Orientalism. New York: Pantheon Books.
Last name, First initial. (Year published). Article title. Journal, Volume (Issue), Page(s).
Abdel-Malek, A. (1963) 'Orientalism in crisis', Diogenes, 11(44), pp. 103–140.
Last name, First initial (Year published). Page title. [online] Website name. Available at: URL [Accessed Day Mo. Year].
Sered, D. (2017) 'Orientalism – Postcolonial Studies.' Available at: https://scholarblogs.emory.edu/postcolonialstudies/2014/06/21/orientalism/ (Accessed: 21 January 2021).
Difference Between Harvard and Chicago Referencing Style
The first main difference between the two is while adding in-text citations. For Harvard referencing, it follows APA format, with the in-text citation coming in parenthesis, including the last name of the author and year of publication. However, for Chicago referencing, a numeral is added as an in-text citation, which refers to the relevant footnote.
The second difference is adding the name of the author. Chicago referencing includes the full name of the author. Whereas, in Harvard style, only the initials are used.
Another major difference is included in the publication date. Chicago referencing includes the publication date after the publisher. Whereas, in Harvard referencing, the publication date comes after the name of the author.
Congratulations on learning two of the most commonly employed referencing styles in academics. We hope that you must have developed a detailed understanding of the two referencing styles and can easily format your documents now.
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